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There are three types of hearing loss: sensorineural, conductive and mixed.

Sensorineural means there is a problem occurring in either the inner ear or to the nerve pathways, which deliver sound to the brain. Conductive means that sound is not reaching the inner ear and mixed means the hearing loss is being caused by a combination of the two.

Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Sensorineural hearing loss is the most common type of hearing loss. When someone has sensorineural hearing loss it means there is damage to the tiny hair cells in your inner ear, or to the nerve pathways that lead from your inner ear to the brain. It may be caused by genetics, infections, or it may be age or noise related.

This type of hearing loss cannot be reversed. and the people would benefit from having hearing aids.If you have sensorineural hearing loss, hearing aids may benefit you.

Conductive Hearing Loss

Conductive hearing loss occurs when sound passage is blocked in the ear canal or middle ear. It may be caused by a buildup of ear wax, a growth in the middle ear, or after multiple ear infections.

It may be possible to treat conductive hearing loss either medically or surgically, but the hearing loss may not be reversed. If you have been treated for conductive hearing loss, but your hearing has not returned, you may benefit from hearing aids.

Mixed Hearing Loss

Mixed hearing loss occurs when both sensorineural and conductive hearing loss are present in the same ear. Anything that leads to sensorineural and conductive hearing loss can lead to having mixed hearing loss. If you have mixed hearing loss it might make your hearing worse than if you have only one type of hearing loss.

Conductive hearing loss can often be corrected with medical or surgical treatment, while sensorineural hearing loss is normally treated with hearing aids. Therefore, for mixed hearing loss you may be recommended a combination of medical or surgical treatment and the use of hearing aids. In some cases, however, implants are needed if you have a mixed hearing loss.

Degrees of Hearing Loss

Hearing loss is grouped into 6 different degrees which include: normal, mild, moderate, severe, severe-to-profound, and profound. The degree of hearing loss will be determined by the hearing healthcare professional after they have conducted the hearing tests.

The degree of hearing loss is categorized based on the minimum threshold, measured in dB, that an individual can detect. It is important to know that not all hearing loss is the same; even two people of the same degree and type of hearing loss may have vastly different experiences.

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